Editor's Picks

02 May 2011

The End of the Sun

The Holy Quran refers to the end of sun: (and its light is lost), and the scientists have found that the sun will disappear….

The Cat's Eye Nebula
About The Cat's Eye Nebula
The full beauty of the Cat's Eye Nebula (NGC 6543) is revealed in this new, detailed view from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope. The image from Hubble's Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) shows a bull's eye pattern of eleven or even more concentric rings, or shells, around the Cat's Eye. Each 'ring' is actually the edge of a spherical bubble seen projected onto the sky -- that's why it appears bright along its outer edge. 
Observations suggest the star ejected its mass in a series of pulses at 1,500-year intervals. These convulsions created dust shells, each of which contain as much mass as all of the planets in our solar system combined (still only one percent of the Sun's mass). These concentric shells make a layered, onion-skin structure around the dying star. The view from Hubble is like seeing an onion cut in half, where each skin layer is discernible.
The bull's-eye patterns seen around planetary nebulae come as a surprise to astronomers because they had no expectation that episodes of mass loss at the end of stellar lives would repeat every 1,500 years. Several explanations have been proposed, including cycles of magnetic activity somewhat similar to our own Sun's sunspot cycle, the action of companion stars orbiting around the dying star, and stellar pulsations. Another school of thought is that the material is ejected smoothly from the star, and the rings are created later on due to formation of waves in the outflowing material. 
Credit: NASA, ESA, HEIC, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) 

This picture was taken for the first time in 2000 by NASA. The picture demonstrates a star during the closing stages of its life. The scientists say “the death of this star is illustrating for us what will occur to the sun when it approaches the end of its life; light intensity of the sun will be reduced” The dim star shown in the picture is called “The Cat’s Eye Nebula”. The blue circle shows the hot gas the star emits while bursting. The gas’ speed while traveling is 4 miles per hour, reducing the intensity of the star’s   brightness even more.

Allah (SWT) says in the Quran:

 “When the sun is wound round and its light is lost (and is overthrown)” [Quran 81:1]

Examine with me the accuracy of this verse; the star will be overthrown, meaning it will become dim. This is what the picture is demonstrating. It is an adequate miracle to be thinking about!

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